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NHS Choices Condition

Content supplied by NHS Choices

The most common symptom of testicular cancer is a lump, or swelling, in one of your testicles. Testicular lumps are most commonly found on either the front, or the side, of the testicle. They often feel like a hard, pea-sized swelling.

See your GP if you have a lump or swelling in your testicle

Most testicular lumps are not a sign of cancer. Research has shown that less than 4% of testicular lumps are cancerous.

However, this does not mean that you should ignore a lump, or swelling, in your testicle. It is very important that you see your GP, who will be able to examine your testicles to help determine whether the lump is cancerous.

If you do not feel able to visit your GP, you can go to your local sexual health (GUM) clinic, where a health professional will be able to examine you. You can find your local clinic by visiting the FPA (formerly the Family Planning Association) website (see useful links).

Testicular cancer can also cause other symptoms, including:

  • a dull ache, or sharp pain, in your testicles, or scrotum, which may come and go,
  • a feeling of heaviness in your scrotum,
  • a dull ache in your lower abdomen,
  • a sudden collection of fluid in your scrotum (hydrocele),
  • fatigue, and
  • generally feeling unwell.

Rarer symptoms

In rare cases of testicular cancer, the tissue in your breast area may be enlarged, or tender. Your nipples may also feel sore and tender as a result of the hormonal changes going on in your body.

If your testicular cancer has spread to other parts of your body, you may also experience a variety of other symptoms. Although testicular cancer can spread to your lymph nodes (part of your immune system) and lungs, it rarely travels to other organs.

This means that if your cancer does spread, you are most likely to experience symptoms such as:

  • coughing,
  • difficulty breathing,
  • difficulty swallowing, and
  • a swelling in your chest.
view information about Cancer of the testicle on www.nhs.co.uk »

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