NHS Choices Condition
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You will notice the symptoms of vaginal thrush in your vulva. The vulva is made up of the:
- outer part of the vagina,
- clitoris, and
- two pairs of lips surrounding the entrance to the vagina, called the labia majora (the outer pair) and the labia minora (the inner pair).
The symptoms of thrush can include:
- vulval itching,
- vulval soreness and irritation,
- pain, or discomfort, during sexual intercourse (superficial dyspareunia),
- pain, or discomfort, during urination (dysuria), and
- vaginal discharge - although this is not always present. The discharge is usually odourless and can be a thin, watery fluid, or thicker, white, and a similar texture to cottage cheese.
As well as the above symptoms of thrush, you may also have vulvovaginal inflammation. The signs of vulvovaginal inflammation include:
- erythema (redness) - of the vagina and vulva,
- vaginal fissuring (cracked skin) - in severe cases,
- oedema (swelling from a build up of fluid) - also in severe cases, and
- satellite lesions (sores in the surrounding area) - this is rare, but may indicate the presence of another fungal condition, or the herpes simplex virus (the virus that causes genital herpes).
Types of thrush
Thrush may be described as being:
- uncomplicated, or
Uncomplicated thrush is where you have only had a single episode of thrush or less than four episodes in a year. Your thrush is described as uncomplicated if your symptoms are mild, or moderate, and caused by the Candida albicans fungus.
Complicated thrushÂ Â
Complicated thrush is where you have four or more episodes of thrush in a year or where you have severe symptoms of vulvovaginal inflammation (see above). Thrush may also be described as complicated if:
- you are pregnant,
- you have poorly controlledÂ diabetes (a long-term condition that is caused by too much glucose in the blood),
- you have an immune deficiency (a weakened immune system) - for example, because you haveÂ AIDS (the latter stages of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus), or
- the thrush is not caused by the Candida albicans fungus.
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