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Video

Body Check – Urine Transcript

Dr Christian: We all feel the relief of a quick pit stop, but a trip to the loo might also reveal something more telling.

Urine is a mix of excess water and waste from all over the body. Its yellow colour comes from a pigment in the red blood cells. The spectrum can stretch from the almost clear to the dark orange – and it’s simply a matter of hydration, which is affected by how much water we drink and how much we sweat out.

What we’ve had to eat can also have some affect on our pee – causing different smells or colours as can any medications or supplements.

If you find, however, that an unusual smell or colour continues for no apparent reason it would be worth discussing with your doctor.

So here are a few things to look out for:

Very dark urine that is unaffected by what you drink is maybe characteristic of a liver disorder such as viral hepatitis.

Pink or red tinges could mean there is blood in the urine; but this could just be from strenuous exercise or a minor infection, stones or in rare cases a sign of kidney or bladder cancer.

Cloudy urine could mean a number of things, it could just be a little debris or in women could be a sign of cystitis. In men, it could highlight a sexually transmitted infection or less commonly a condition called retrograde ejaculation which is where semen enters the bladder and then clouds the urine.

How often you need to go can also indicate there might be a problem, excessive weeing – even when not hydrated can be a sign of diabetes.

Next time you go, take a look and remember to keep on an eye on anything unusual that keeps reoccurring – and don’t forget to tell us about what you find.

For this body check and others featured on the site we want to hear about your findings. So please come back to share your results and discuss them with other site users.

If you have any other problems passing water such as leaking, burning sensation or pain then make sure you speak to your GP or pharmacist.

Read the video transcript

Body Check: Urine

We all feel the relief of a quick pit stop, but a trip to the loo could also be more telling. In this video, Dr Christian talks about potential health problems that can be spotted from checking your urine.

The colour of urine can stretch from the almost clear to a dark orange and it’s simply a matter of hydration. Food can also have an effect on colour and can cause different smells, as can any medications or supplements.

Dark, red, or cloudy urine that is unaffected by food or drink can be characteristic of underlying conditions such as liver disease, kidney stones, cystitis or STIs.

How often you go can also indicate a problem as excessive urination can be a sign of diabetes.
If an unusual colour or smell persists for no apparent reason or if you have problems passing urine such as leaking, burning sensations or pain it would be worth discussing it with a GP.

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If you are worried that your child may have a urinary tract infection, read the guide for parents on the Embarrassing Bodies: Kids website.

+++UPDATE+++
From the 5th-12th May 2009 we conducted a National Health Survey to find out what the state of the nation’s urine was.

Around 80% of our respondents were women, with nearly two-thirds of these under the age of 30.

The good news was that nearly three-quarters of responders were reporting normal, light coloured urine (numbers 1-3). As urine colour is mostly dictated by hydration levels, this indicates a good level of fluid intake amongst those people.

Darker urine can be caused by certain foodstuffs, but it is probably dehydration that is to blame. If your urine is always dark, even after heavy fluid consumption, get this checked out by your GP as it can be a symptom of other illnesses.

Around 20% of you reported an unusual smell when urinating. What you have eaten is the most common cause of funny smelling urine, with beer, garlic and coffee causing unusual smells. If your urine smells extremely sweet on a regular basis, then this can be a sign of sugars being excreted (a possible sign of diabetes) and should be checked out by your Doctor.

Cloudy urine was also present in a around a fifth of responders and is common as a result of an infection, such as cystitis, but in men it can be a sign of an STI or less commonly a condition such as retrograde ejaculation, where sperm enters the bladder.

Only a handful of respondents reported red tinges in their urine. If this is a one off, it’s probably nothing to worry about and could just be a burst blood vessel. If it persists, it could be a symptom of something more serious, such as an injury.

Finally, a few people reported that their urine was green in colour. This could be caused by certain foods (such as asparagus), but it can also be a sign of a sexual infection, such as gonorrhea. As a result it should be looked at by a medical professional.

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Comments and Questions

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hi all...since may 2014 ive had on and off ocurring pain in my left kidney, tube and bladder. ive had numerous tests on my urine with all results normal and an ultra sound came back all ok.....however since this started ive lost all appetite, feel constantly sick, feel tired all the time....even a hlf a mile walk to rhe shops and back exhausts me and leaves me out of breath. ive only just been referred to a urologist after all this time. Im tee total and smoke about 10 cigs a day and have dropped to 6st 10.





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My daughter is only 11 but has the most foul smelling wee I've ever known. She drinks plenty of fluids , but it's getting to the point where it's making the rest of the family wretch to go into the bathroom after her . The colour seems relatively normal & it doesn't sting or tingle when she goes . Any ideas what I can do ?





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My daughter is only 11 but has the most foul smelling wee I've ever known. She drinks plenty of fluids , but it's getting to the point where it's making the rest of the family wretch to go into the bathroom after her . The colour seems relatively normal & it doesn't sting or tingle when she goes . Any ideas what I can do ?





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Yes, take her to your GP immediately.

I'm 30 year old female, not had period for two years due to pcos. Past two days after my first wee of the day I've noticed drops of blood on the bowl of the toilet, my urine is normal colour but there is the few drops and blood when wiping. It is only in the mornings and my urine doesn't smell and isn't painful. I have had back ache awhile and started suffering really bad from cramp don't know if it's related. Too scared to go to docs as I'm worried I have cervical cancer or something.





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I am 21 and need a wee all the time, will go at least once every hour and recently the urine has turned bright green. What does this mean?





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My partner has has some flu type virus. He woke really flushed. Spent day feverish aching limbs headache etc and today though considerably better peed orangt brown with dozens of little blobs like bird wings but only a couple of mm wide. These were jelly like and browny red. Am worried





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Over the past week I have noticed a strong odour in my urine with a cloudy yellow colour my stomach has been bloated and looks like I have a baby bump I have pain in my lower back which wakes me up in the night as it severely shoots across my back and into my stomach I'm tired all the time have no frequent need to pee but really struggle to hold it in when I do need to go I have asthma and take fostair inhaler for this it doesn't matter how much water I drink it doesn't help either way I'm 38 yrs old weigh 7and a half stone and am 5ft 4inches in height i don't smoke or drink I have had a urine test and came back clear. HELP !!!!!!!!





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I have been having the same problem did u ever get an answer or resolution plz help

My urine is extremely dark amber.. it has been having a strong foul order aswell. But now I constantly feel like I need to urinate.yet produce very little sometimes. But regardless of amount and when I go I dont feel relieved. Help please?





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I'm 15 years old and I'm quite worried about my wee, it's a really dark orange and it smells. I'm having a wee like once or twice a day. I never seem to need a wee, but i have asked about this to most people and they're saying it's because I'm not drinking enough, but I drink plenty, I'm very worried.





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I 29 healthy male but recently i have started to pee alot litterally after ive had water or any other drink with in ten mins i need to pee again. i know i dont drink to much water and i never used to be like this. My pee looks normal aswell





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It looks like no one else has asked this question, so please fill in the rest of your details below.





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