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Embarrassing Bodies Down Under, 1:00am Tuesday 28th April 2015 on Channel 4. Catch up for free on 4oD »

Video

Dr Dawn:
Unlike most cancers, testicular cancer doesn’t get more common as you get older. It’s primarily a young man’s disease and those aged between 15 and 35 are most at risk. Men should be checking their testicles around once a month but the truth is less than one in five actually do. Early diagnosis however, can be life saving.

If you’re a guy and you don’t check your testicles regularly or if you’re not sure you’re doing it properly then watch on I’m going to show you how to check yourself. (Victor if you could just remove your towel for me.)

Now a really good time to self-check is during or after a hot bath or shower when the muscles of the scrotal sack are relaxed and the testicles hang down lower but any time is better than not checking at all. So the first thing you should do is to rest your testicles in the palm of your hand a bit like a weighing scale. Compare one testicle with the other for equal heaviness. Now it’s quite normal that one testicle is larger or hangs down slightly lower than the other and you’re probably used to them looking and feeling slightly different, which is a good thing: it means you’re familiar with your own balls and more likely to notice any changes.

At the back of each testicle is a thickening. This is the epididymis, which is the narrow tightly coiled tube that carries the sperm to the penis. As you know it’s extremely tender so be gentle with yourself here. Is that OK?

Victor: Yes

Dr Dawn:
Now place your fingers behind the scrotum and using your thumb gently roll the testicle between your thumb and fingers you’re feeling for any small hard lumps or a slight enlargement or firmness of the testicle. A normal testicle is oval shaped and feels firm, but not hard. And this one feels fine. Do you want to do the other one Victor?

So that’s it, just rolling the testicle between your fingers and thumb, good. Most testicular cancer is diagnosed because of a painless lump in the testicle, but there are other signs. Look out for a pain or discomfort in your scrotum or testicles, a heavy or dragging feeling in your scrotum, a dull ache in the lower stomach or groin area, a build up of fluid inside your scrotum, blood in your sperm at ejaculation or discharge from the penis. These are all signs that something maybe wrong.

Now there are lots of other things that can cause these symptoms beside testicular cancer but they should not be ignored.

If you do find a lump or notice any of the other symptoms, there’s two things you should do. One: make an appointment to see your doctor and two: stay calm. There’s a very good chance that it isn’t cancer as most abnormalities down there are a result of injury, infection or a non-cancerous swelling. Having said that, don’t get into the mindset of it’s probably nothing. On the small chance that it is something, then the sooner it’s investigated the better.

Testicular cancer has doubled in the last twenty years but it is one of the easiest cancers to treat successfully. Over 95% of cases are curable if treated early, but if ignored it can kill. That’s why checking your balls regularly is so important.

Read the video transcript

How To Check Your Testicles

Testicular cancer is a young man’s disease, and yet this is the age group that has the greatest sense of invincibility from the illness. Dr Harper demonstrates the technique you can use to self-examine your balls, and as it’s best carried out in the shower, it’s a great excuse for taking a bit longer in the morning.

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Iv started to get a shape pain in one of my testicles some time when on the toilet and other times out of no where.. Is it something I should worry about I'm 25 years old





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I'm 15 and there is a bump not a mass like a small pencil eraser at the very top of my testicle. When I fool with it my epididymis gets bigger and aches





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I have a little red lump on my left ball its barley visible should I bee concerned as I am terrified please respond and help me out asap I'm 14 years of age





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Hi i am 25, ii actually have a small lump on my left testicle, u went to the doctor about 4 years ago and he said it was nothing mainly because he couldn't feel it. But he didn't say it wasn't there i even pointed to the area and he examined it but i have had it for that time and it hasn't really cause any problem. it hasn't changed in size and i am not in pain all he said was to keep an eye on it but in that time a have felt no changes in size or pain, my question is can there be lumps on your testicle that always stay the same for years





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My Left Testicle is far bigger than my Right Testicle.... It started like I Had 3 Testicles but now the Left Testicle is more Bigger..... What's the Problem and how can it be solved Am 22years





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I have a little ball in my nipple. It's been there for a while now and it is bigger some days and smaller others. Apprenlty it is just a puberty thing but when will it go away?





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dont worry i had it too sometimes it happends from the puberty. you should stop eating meat with hormones thats all it will disapear. Btw sry for bad english

The top of my right testicle there is small oval shape ball in the cord what is it??





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I have a hard lump on the underside of my right testicle, it's been there for several years but I am now becoming more concerned as I have begun having a dull ache in my lower stomach on the same side. This ache has been there over 5 days now. What should I do and should I be concerned?





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I have bump lump or pimple what ever call on under my right ball I should pop it or wait go away or see doctor or buy cream let me know





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I have a lump on the right hand side of my testes or either 3 balls it is quite big but i can ejaculate and sperm is coming in an healthy amount but when i touch it hurts is it something to worried about please tell me or is it cancer ??





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It looks like no one else has asked this question, so please fill in the rest of your details below.





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