WARNING: The Embarrassing Bodies website contains images of an explicit medical nature and nudity in a medical context.

Embarrassing Bodies, 2:35am Wednesday 17th September 2014 on More 4. Catch up for free on 4oD »

Video

Dr Dawn:
Unlike most cancers, testicular cancer doesn’t get more common as you get older. It’s primarily a young man’s disease and those aged between 15 and 35 are most at risk. Men should be checking their testicles around once a month but the truth is less than one in five actually do. Early diagnosis however, can be life saving.

If you’re a guy and you don’t check your testicles regularly or if you’re not sure you’re doing it properly then watch on I’m going to show you how to check yourself. (Victor if you could just remove your towel for me.)

Now a really good time to self-check is during or after a hot bath or shower when the muscles of the scrotal sack are relaxed and the testicles hang down lower but any time is better than not checking at all. So the first thing you should do is to rest your testicles in the palm of your hand a bit like a weighing scale. Compare one testicle with the other for equal heaviness. Now it’s quite normal that one testicle is larger or hangs down slightly lower than the other and you’re probably used to them looking and feeling slightly different, which is a good thing: it means you’re familiar with your own balls and more likely to notice any changes.

At the back of each testicle is a thickening. This is the epididymis, which is the narrow tightly coiled tube that carries the sperm to the penis. As you know it’s extremely tender so be gentle with yourself here. Is that OK?

Victor: Yes

Dr Dawn:
Now place your fingers behind the scrotum and using your thumb gently roll the testicle between your thumb and fingers you’re feeling for any small hard lumps or a slight enlargement or firmness of the testicle. A normal testicle is oval shaped and feels firm, but not hard. And this one feels fine. Do you want to do the other one Victor?

So that’s it, just rolling the testicle between your fingers and thumb, good. Most testicular cancer is diagnosed because of a painless lump in the testicle, but there are other signs. Look out for a pain or discomfort in your scrotum or testicles, a heavy or dragging feeling in your scrotum, a dull ache in the lower stomach or groin area, a build up of fluid inside your scrotum, blood in your sperm at ejaculation or discharge from the penis. These are all signs that something maybe wrong.

Now there are lots of other things that can cause these symptoms beside testicular cancer but they should not be ignored.

If you do find a lump or notice any of the other symptoms, there’s two things you should do. One: make an appointment to see your doctor and two: stay calm. There’s a very good chance that it isn’t cancer as most abnormalities down there are a result of injury, infection or a non-cancerous swelling. Having said that, don’t get into the mindset of it’s probably nothing. On the small chance that it is something, then the sooner it’s investigated the better.

Testicular cancer has doubled in the last twenty years but it is one of the easiest cancers to treat successfully. Over 95% of cases are curable if treated early, but if ignored it can kill. That’s why checking your balls regularly is so important.

Read the video transcript

How To Check Your Testicles

Testicular cancer is a young man’s disease, and yet this is the age group that has the greatest sense of invincibility from the illness. Dr Harper demonstrates the technique you can use to self-examine your balls, and as it’s best carried out in the shower, it’s a great excuse for taking a bit longer in the morning.

Did you find this useful? YesYes NoNo

8538 of 9358 people said they found this useful

Comments and Questions

You can share your experiences and thoughts with other Embarrassing Bodies site-users below. Comments & Questions are reviewed by moderators, but if you see anything on the site that worries you, please report it and one of our moderators will look at it as soon as possible.
Please note: Unfortunately Channel 4 cannot respond to individual inquiries. If you have any concerns, you can check out NHS Choices, but ultimately it is always best to check with a health professional.

Hey I have a small lump connected by a string on the top of my testical on both sides you can say its like I got four testicals.. Am I alright?





This will be published. Surnames, nicknames or usernames are not allowed


Your email address will be kept confidential and will NOT be published – it is only being collected here in case Channel 4 need to contact you in relation to your comment.


Please don’t swear or be rude in your comments, as they will not be added to the site. Please do not use your full name when posting comments. If in doubt, refer to the community guidelines

By posting on this website you are agreeing to abide by our community guidelines

I'm 19 and for about as long as I can remember I've had a very small lump in my scrotum. It's painless, about half the size of a pea and it's like a tiny third testical. I know, sounds silly but that's what it's like. It's not attached directly to one of my testical it's attached by a string to the epididymis of my right testical. Any idea if this is serious or could it be cancerous or anything? Please don't just say go to your GP... Thanks.





This will be published. Surnames, nicknames or usernames are not allowed


Your email address will be kept confidential and will NOT be published – it is only being collected here in case Channel 4 need to contact you in relation to your comment.


Please don’t swear or be rude in your comments, as they will not be added to the site. Please do not use your full name when posting comments. If in doubt, refer to the community guidelines

By posting on this website you are agreeing to abide by our community guidelines

Sir my testis are so loosse every time





This will be published. Surnames, nicknames or usernames are not allowed


Your email address will be kept confidential and will NOT be published – it is only being collected here in case Channel 4 need to contact you in relation to your comment.


Please don’t swear or be rude in your comments, as they will not be added to the site. Please do not use your full name when posting comments. If in doubt, refer to the community guidelines

By posting on this website you are agreeing to abide by our community guidelines

Hello, I'm 20 years old I've had this little lump on the outside of my ball sack for about 2 years I'm too scared to go to GP cause I'm very body concious, it's painless and never hurts but it's annoying and looks like a pea in terms of shape and is quite solid, when I try to get it, it feels like something is inside of it like a hard white thing I have no idea what it is and wondered if you could help





This will be published. Surnames, nicknames or usernames are not allowed


Your email address will be kept confidential and will NOT be published – it is only being collected here in case Channel 4 need to contact you in relation to your answer.


Please don't swear or be rude in your answers, as they will not be added to the site. Please do not use your full name when posting answers. If in doubt, refer to the community guidelines

Questions submitted to the site will be answered by other site users, not by medical professionals, so if you have a medical concern, please book an appointment with your GP.

By posting on this website you are agreeing to abide by our community guidelines

Hi I have checked myself out and I have found a small hard like lump on my left testicle it's only small about the size of a grain of rice it's hard and feels like a sort of pimple,some time it pains but only when tight jeans or loos pajama wearing.I am 40 Should i see a doctor ?





This will be published. Surnames, nicknames or usernames are not allowed


Your email address will be kept confidential and will NOT be published – it is only being collected here in case Channel 4 need to contact you in relation to your comment.


Please don’t swear or be rude in your comments, as they will not be added to the site. Please do not use your full name when posting comments. If in doubt, refer to the community guidelines

By posting on this website you are agreeing to abide by our community guidelines

I'm 16 and my left testicle is smaller then my right and is much higher up then the right one, Also it doesn't move when I cough and it is quite senstive when I touch it. It's not been right since I had Orchidopexy surgery when I was 14 because my testicle somehow went into my abdomen. Really all I want is for my left testicle to be lower Down in my sack as it is noticeably much higher up compared to the other! Would a doctor do surgery for me to lower it?





This will be published. Surnames, nicknames or usernames are not allowed


Your email address will be kept confidential and will NOT be published – it is only being collected here in case Channel 4 need to contact you in relation to your comment.


Please don’t swear or be rude in your comments, as they will not be added to the site. Please do not use your full name when posting comments. If in doubt, refer to the community guidelines

By posting on this website you are agreeing to abide by our community guidelines

The guy didn't have to be totally naked! Creepy. He could have had a t-shirt on and just pulled his trousers down halfway. Bizarre decision.

I have this like lump thing that's white on my right side of my testicles . My right one has been hurting for awhile now . It's about the sz of a skittle , and I pressed on it to see how far It went into my body and it reminds me of a tooth . Like with a root behind the lump . I'm 15 and I'm scared . I asked my mom to take me to the doctor but she won't . I'm really worried





This will be published. Surnames, nicknames or usernames are not allowed


Your email address will be kept confidential and will NOT be published – it is only being collected here in case Channel 4 need to contact you in relation to your comment.


Please don’t swear or be rude in your comments, as they will not be added to the site. Please do not use your full name when posting comments. If in doubt, refer to the community guidelines

By posting on this website you are agreeing to abide by our community guidelines

make an appointment to see your GP...it's probably just changes to your testicles due to puberty...nothing to worry about...if your mom won't take you...(can't think why)...then go yourself....took my son today...he was terrified and it turned out to be nothing...stop worrying and see your GP...put your mind at rest.

hi my partner has been suffering from not being able to pee well it just trickles accompanied by a tightness but yesterday we noticed his penis is blue and he has a lump on his testicle..he is at the doctors on friday for blood tests but i asked him to go earlier but he wont.. should i be worried





This will be published. Surnames, nicknames or usernames are not allowed


Your email address will be kept confidential and will NOT be published – it is only being collected here in case Channel 4 need to contact you in relation to your comment.


Please don’t swear or be rude in your comments, as they will not be added to the site. Please do not use your full name when posting comments. If in doubt, refer to the community guidelines

By posting on this website you are agreeing to abide by our community guidelines

My balls have small dots on it and it hurts wat to do





This will be published. Surnames, nicknames or usernames are not allowed


Your email address will be kept confidential and will NOT be published – it is only being collected here in case Channel 4 need to contact you in relation to your comment.


Please don’t swear or be rude in your comments, as they will not be added to the site. Please do not use your full name when posting comments. If in doubt, refer to the community guidelines

By posting on this website you are agreeing to abide by our community guidelines

At the top of my left testical I can feel a little lump and when I rub it it's pain full dunno what to do isit normal and is there sumart to worry about thanks





This will be published. Surnames, nicknames or usernames are not allowed


Your email address will be kept confidential and will NOT be published – it is only being collected here in case Channel 4 need to contact you in relation to your comment.


Please don’t swear or be rude in your comments, as they will not be added to the site. Please do not use your full name when posting comments. If in doubt, refer to the community guidelines

By posting on this website you are agreeing to abide by our community guidelines





This will be published. Surnames, nicknames or usernames are not allowed


Your email address will be kept confidential and will NOT be published – it is only being collected here in case Channel 4 need to contact you in relation to your comment.



Please don’t swear or be rude in your comments, as they will not be added to the site. Please do not use your full name when posting comments. If in doubt, refer to the community guidelines

By posting on this website you are agreeing to abide by our community guidelines

It looks like no one else has asked this question, so please fill in the rest of your details below.





This will be published. Surnames, nicknames or usernames are not allowed


Your email address will be kept confidential and will NOT be published – it is only being collected here in case Channel 4 need to contact you in relation to your answer.



Please don't swear or be rude in your questions, as they will not be added to the site. Please do not use your full name when posting questions. If in doubt, refer to the community guidelines

Questions submitted to the site will be answered by other site users, not by medical professionals, so if you have a medical concern, please book an appointment with your GP.

By posting on this website you are agreeing to abide by our community guidelines


More Information

  1. Testicular Pain

    In Conditions - Your testicles/balls/plums/nuts/nads/goolies or whatever other nick…

  2. Testicular Cancer

    In Conditions - The most common cancer in men aged between 20 and 34, but still rel…

  3. Enlarged Prostate

    In Conditions - An enlarged prostate (known as benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH)…

  4. Consultation: Breast Reconstruction

    In Videos - Dr Jessen treats a breasts cancer survivor who wants to receive an…

  5. Doctor Responses: Testicular Cancer

    In Videos - Dr Christian explores the myths and common questions surrounding te…

  6. Epididymal Cyst

    In Conditions - An epididymal cyst is a smooth, fluid-filled lump found on the test…

  7. Quick Health Advice: Moles

    In Videos - Dr Jessen advises on the kind of mole you should be looking out for…

  8. Consultation: Prostate Cancer

    In Videos - Dr Jessen treats a patient whose Prostate Cancer has worsened in re…

  9. Body Check: Moles

    In Videos - Dr Christian talks about how to check your moles for potentially da…

  10. Throat Cancer

    In Conditions - Laryngeal Cancer, or throat cancer, affects the pitch of voice and…

  11. Dr Christian Jessen

    In Videos - Find out more about Dr Christian Jessen

  12. Body Check: Stools

    In Videos - Dr Christian describes what different shapes and colours of poo can…

  13. Dupuytren's Contracture

    In Conditions - Dupuytren's Contracture is a condition affecting the hands and fing…

  14. Pituitary Tumour

    In Conditions - A pituitary gland is a small, pea-sized gland that sits just next t…

  15. Seasonal Affective Disorder

    In Conditions - Seasonal Affective Disorder, or SAD, is a type of depression that o…


Be On Embarrassing Bodies

The clinic is opening again for a new series.
Apply for Embarrassing Bodies >

Important Notice

The information provided on this website (including any NHS Choices medical information) is for use as information or for educational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical care by a qualified doctor or other qualified healthcare professional. We do not warrant that any information included within this site will meet your health or medical requirements. This Embarrassing Bodies site does not provide any medical or diagnostic services so you should always check with a health professional if you have any concerns about your health.


If you want to embed our videos in your site, read our embedding T&Cs here