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Video

Dr Dawn:
Unlike most cancers, testicular cancer doesn’t get more common as you get older. It’s primarily a young man’s disease and those aged between 15 and 35 are most at risk. Men should be checking their testicles around once a month but the truth is less than one in five actually do. Early diagnosis however, can be life saving.

If you’re a guy and you don’t check your testicles regularly or if you’re not sure you’re doing it properly then watch on I’m going to show you how to check yourself. (Victor if you could just remove your towel for me.)

Now a really good time to self-check is during or after a hot bath or shower when the muscles of the scrotal sack are relaxed and the testicles hang down lower but any time is better than not checking at all. So the first thing you should do is to rest your testicles in the palm of your hand a bit like a weighing scale. Compare one testicle with the other for equal heaviness. Now it’s quite normal that one testicle is larger or hangs down slightly lower than the other and you’re probably used to them looking and feeling slightly different, which is a good thing: it means you’re familiar with your own balls and more likely to notice any changes.

At the back of each testicle is a thickening. This is the epididymis, which is the narrow tightly coiled tube that carries the sperm to the penis. As you know it’s extremely tender so be gentle with yourself here. Is that OK?

Victor: Yes

Dr Dawn:
Now place your fingers behind the scrotum and using your thumb gently roll the testicle between your thumb and fingers you’re feeling for any small hard lumps or a slight enlargement or firmness of the testicle. A normal testicle is oval shaped and feels firm, but not hard. And this one feels fine. Do you want to do the other one Victor?

So that’s it, just rolling the testicle between your fingers and thumb, good. Most testicular cancer is diagnosed because of a painless lump in the testicle, but there are other signs. Look out for a pain or discomfort in your scrotum or testicles, a heavy or dragging feeling in your scrotum, a dull ache in the lower stomach or groin area, a build up of fluid inside your scrotum, blood in your sperm at ejaculation or discharge from the penis. These are all signs that something maybe wrong.

Now there are lots of other things that can cause these symptoms beside testicular cancer but they should not be ignored.

If you do find a lump or notice any of the other symptoms, there’s two things you should do. One: make an appointment to see your doctor and two: stay calm. There’s a very good chance that it isn’t cancer as most abnormalities down there are a result of injury, infection or a non-cancerous swelling. Having said that, don’t get into the mindset of it’s probably nothing. On the small chance that it is something, then the sooner it’s investigated the better.

Testicular cancer has doubled in the last twenty years but it is one of the easiest cancers to treat successfully. Over 95% of cases are curable if treated early, but if ignored it can kill. That’s why checking your balls regularly is so important.

Read the video transcript

How To Check Your Testicles

Testicular cancer is a young man’s disease, and yet this is the age group that has the greatest sense of invincibility from the illness. Dr Harper demonstrates the technique you can use to self-examine your balls, and as it’s best carried out in the shower, it’s a great excuse for taking a bit longer in the morning.

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hey, on my scrotum I have what almost looks like a spot, which I found this morning in the shower. It is no bigger than a pea, but feels like a lump inside my scrotum. Should I be worried or not? I am 14 years old. Thank you





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My 12 year old son has found a big lump next to his left testicles. Bit bigger than a pea size. Should we be worried?





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Hi I'm 13 and on my left nut I can feel this lump what do I do





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It's fine it's normal.

My left testicle is bigger than my right is that normal ???





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I'm 15, and under my left testical, it's like a mushy thing (don't know how else to describe it). It doesn't hurt or anything but does anyone know what it is?





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I'm 13 I have a pain every so often in my lower groin on the left side of my body and in my left scrotum I'm scraed that it might be canser but I don't want to go to the doctors because I'm worryed what my family will think!





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Hi I'm 42I woke up with alot of pain in my lowder stomach and testicles what does that mean it really hurts....





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I am 87 years old and cannot feel any testicles in my scrotum





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Whay does I mean if it is on the left testicle





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get it treated man! thats a sign of cancer

Hi I am concerned regarding a limp underneath my ball sac or the base of, it is a hard lump under the skin larger than a pea. I also have a pulling sensation and tightening feeling. Other symptoms I have are tiredness, going to poo a lot and trouble urinating as it feels i have not finished. I have found blood on my toilet paper twice in last month and lost about a stone in weight any suggestions.





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Get it checked out by a doctor immediately. Blood on the paper generally can be from hemmerhoids but the combination of symptoms as well as the lump should be considered extremely worrysome. Dont waste any time. Go get checked out

My best advice for you, and many gentlemen that are commenting on this site, is to see your GP. Scary though it is, it'll be worth the visit even if it simply puts your mind at ease. Worst case scenario, most conditions are most easily treated with the earlier that they're found, so you maybe doing yourself a favor. If there is an issue that needs treating then it's still going to be there however long you wait, so get it over and done with. Best of luck :-)





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It looks like no one else has asked this question, so please fill in the rest of your details below.





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